Rose Society compares “Old Garden” to modern roses

ORLANDO – Some things just naturally improve with age, like fine wine, while other things, like most cars, take on wear and tear. And while some people may not realize this, one type of plant clearly falls into the category of things that stand the test of time.

“Some one said to me recently if roses can live for 100 years or more in a cemetery or old church with no irrigation, no spray program, and probably no fertilization, how easy can this get,” said Philip Paul, the vice district director of the American Rose Society’s Deep South District.

Paul, who has grown roses all over the United States and specializes in antique roses, said people don’t always understand that Old Garden Roses “are the proven roses that are easier to care for,” and have history on their side: they were created before 1867.

“They’ve done extremely well for me in the Sarasota area,” Paul said, and that includes the one he likes the best, the Mrs. B.R. Cant Tea Rose, which dates to 1901.

“Mrs. Cant is my absolute favorite, and I was pleased to see a Mrs. Cant out in the garden,” Paul said during a speaking presentation on Sunday at the Harry P. Leu Gardens in downtown Orlando, where he was the guest speaker at the monthly meeting of the Orlando Area Historical Rose Society.

“Mrs. Cant is about eight feet tall in my garden,” he said. “She doesn’t need to be pruned. How can a 1901 rose get better? Well, she can by comparison to other roses.”

Paul was invited to offer advice on “Easier Care Roses” for the many local residents who take great pride in the look that roses bring to their gardens, front lawns, and decorating styles.

The Orlando Area Historical Rose Society held its monthly meeting on Nov. 7 at Harry P. Leu Gardens, a good spot to find examples of Old Garden Roses.

“Our main focus here is on historical roses that have survived without spray,” said Elaine Ellman, co-founder of the Orlando Area Historical Rose Society. “Old Garden Roses have survived the ages. The modern roses take a lot of chemicals and spraying, and our roses grow profusely. We’re one of the few gardens that just don’t have modern roses. We have old species roses that have stood the test of time.”

Paul said that’s true even in Florida, where the growing conditions for roses can be challenging, at best.

“You want to know how the rose grows in each of the growing conditions, and you know that here in the South, the conditions are very different from up north,” he said. But that doesn’t mean they can’t thrive in this state, he added.

“Let’s talk about easy care,” Paul said. “There are really two kinds of roses – the first is the Hybrid Tea or modern rose. They’re really beautiful. They’re getting more expensive. They have very good short-term utility and they’re a bit more fragile.

“Then you have your friend, the Old Garden Rose,” he added. “They’re very beautiful and have a low initial maintenance and low care. Easy care is a term used to define a rose that often requires no spray or limited spraying and fertilization, and it varies by areas of the country. All roses need some care, and there are a lot of things that make easier care roses.”

That starts, he said, with minimal irrigation, when roses can thrive on nature’s water.

“Mother Nature provides the irrigation,” he said. “They’re generally drought tolerant and require minimal if any spraying. Pruning is often not necessary. It lives well on its own rootstocks, and its genetics are superior. There are ways to get it done, and one is to select the easiest care rose in the first place.”

That would be the Older Modern Roses, he said.

“What are harder care? Unfortunately today that is often the modern rose,” he said. “Hybridization can have its downside in the genetics.”

Some prime examples of Older Roses, he said, include the Louise Philippe China Rose (1834), the Francis Dubreuil Tea Rose (1894), the Duchesse de Brabant Tea Rose (1857), the Sombreuil Large Climber (1880), the Fairy Polyantha (1932), and the Perle d’Or Polyantha (1875).

“The Duchesse was Teddy Roosevelt’s favorite rose,” Paul said. “That’s a rose that does extremely well in our climate. The Sombreuil is one that I added about a year ago. It’s a great climber. The Fairy and Perle d’Or are two great Polyanthas — the Polyantha being a small cluster rose, and they do very well in our climate, too. Watering seems to be a need here because of the heat, so if the rain doesn’t do it, you may need to. These roses are more drought tolerant, but I don’t want to test that.”

Tom Burke, the president of the Orlando Area Historical Rose Society, said lovers of rose gardens should keep something else in mind: the holiday gift giving season is fast approaching.

“They make a great holiday gift,” Burke said. “If you have a friend and you’re looking for a gift for them, a new, Old Garden Rose is a great gift, particularly if you give of yourself to teach them how to plant them.”

Where to find them? Ellman recommended Traci Anderson’s Antique Rose and Nursery in Eustis, while Paul recommended Angel Gardens in Gainesville, which can be reached at; Rose Glen Gardens in Naples (; or the Goodwood Museum in Tallahassee.

Another good option, he said, is to mail order your roses from Texas at either the Antique Rose Emporium or Chamblee’s Rose Nursery.

Paul also recommended that people buy G. Michael Shoup’s book, “Roses in the Southern Garden,” which he called a “must have” for anyone who grows roses.

“Old Garden Roses are really, really special,” Burke said. “They’re special in your garden. Old Garden Roses are very easy to care for.”
To learn more, contact the American Rose Society’s Deep South District Web site at The organization will be holding its Mid-Winter Meeting in Lake City, Florida on Jan. 14-16, and Paul noted that “You don’t have to be a member of the DRS to go – but we’d like you to be.”

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Writing, the gift that keeps on giving

MELBOURNE – Patricia A. McDonough remembers the woman asked to pinpoint a truly significant moment in her life, and she recalled an incident that a lot of others might have quickly forgotten about.

“This lady lived in a poor area, and a neighbor asked her to empty a chamber pot,” McDonough said. The woman agreed to help, and that simple gesture turned out to be a surprisingly life-altering moment. But why?

“Now she’s a registered nurse,” McDonough said, adding that this act of kindness demonstrated to the woman that she’d discovered her calling: assisting others who are ill and need help.

“It may sounds like an insignificant event, but it was a turning point for her,” McDonough said.

Patricia A. McDonough is a writing coach and the executive director of Terra Sancta Press

For a lot of people, McDonough added, tiny moments like this can be the ones that prove to be the most important, once you take a minute to look back on your life and figure out what events put you where you are today.

McDonough should know. She’s a copyeditor, writing coach, publishing consultant and executive director of Terra Sancta Press, a publishing house based in Melbourne. She has a special interest in a particular kind of non-fiction: people who want to write their memoirs, either as a special gift for their family, or, if they think they’ve got a great story, for a wider audience. And McDonough is ready to help those who think they’ve got plenty of material for a really good memoir … but have no clue how to assemble their story. She has a good idea of where they should start.

“A memoir is usually like a slice of time,” McDonough said. “The way you can get past your block is to write your own obituary. Write a six word obituary that is kind of fun, and sums up your life.”

After thinking up those six words, she said, stop and ask where that leads you. If you were writing your own obituary for a local newspaper, what would you want people to remember about you – the highlights of the life you led?

“If you do the six words, then write in your real newspaper obituary,” she said. “The idea is you could list the high points of your life. It’s kind of a good summary to start from. You can choose the shorter one or the full journalistic spread – how you want to be remembered. I think these are fun – ‘I did this and this and this.’ You put the high points above the line, or the low points above the line. You should be thinking all along what you want your story to be. Maybe your six-word obituary is your title or your theme – or maybe it’s not. You may want to go into greater depth.”

As a book publisher, McDonough hears from a lot of people who think they’ve got an interesting true tale to tell, but don’t know how to go about it. She works with people who want to do everything from create a great Christmas gift for their grandchildren in the form of a book, to those who see a national or even international audience for their writing.

One trend that McDonough has noticed, though, is how powerful it can be for people to sit down and review their lives through the lens of a memoir.

“I find that working with authors, whether it’s a memoir or not, it’s a therapeutic process,” she said.

If she has a second piece of advice for them, it’s this: don’t do it alone. Reach out to other people in your family, circle of friends, and at the critical jobs you’ve held, and ask them for advice on important moments in your life.

“Ask other people what they think,” she said. “It may not be the same viewpoint as yours. But it’s helpful to ask. You can get a lot of insight from what they tell you. It’s a good idea to interview your elders. Be pretty organized so that you’re knowing what to ask.”

Memoirs don’t have to cover an entire life story, from birth to present day. It could be about specific things: your career, your family, or your commitment to a cause.

“You probably want to break it up into the chapters of your life,” she said. “You’re writing what’s called vignettes. Vignettes have a beginning and end. They’re little stories. You want some kind of reason for telling the story – not just to unload.”

McDonough has her own experience in this field. She’s the author of the non-fiction book “Without Keys: My 15 Weeks With the Street People,” which chronicles the story of she found herself homeless in the middle of winter in Minneapolis. In those 15 weeks, she met other homeless people during this odreal.

“My way of dealing with that was to write this book,” she said.  “My purpose in writing this was to say who is homeless.”

While homelessness is often blamed on a variety of reasons – including alcohol or drug abuse and mental illness – McDonough said she also found women who had been abused, high school students who had dropped out and run away from home, ex-convicts who couldn’t find a job – even a priest at retirement age who was told the order had gone into bankruptcy and no longer had retirement funds.

Others, she said, had been living from paycheck to paycheck and then lost their job, and a few had been bankrupted when they got sick and their medical expenses skyrocketed.

“This was a real groundbreaking book,” she said. “It didn’t stop homelessness. We still have a lot of homeless today because of all the home foreclosures going on.

“My way of telling my story,” she added, ”was to do it as a reporter telling other people’s stories. It covers 15 weeks of my life. It was just a little piece of my life.”

Those who do want to publish their story, she said, have a few options.

“I do two kinds of publishing,” McDonough said. “One is I buy the rights to the book and all the derivatives, and I publish the book.”

The author can also self-publish.

“I assist them in preparing the book, and they pay the expenses,” she said, adding that after that, just how hard working and ambitious they are will determine how wide an audience they reach.

“To get your book into Barnes & Noble is very difficult,” McDonough said. “You have to write a PhD thesis on it. It’s essentially a marketing plan. It’s not impossible, but it’s very difficult. Most of the people I’ve coached have not gotten into Barnes & Noble because they’ve given up.”

Terra Sancta Press is at 304 Royal Palm Drive in Melbourne, and can be reached by calling 321-914-2290, emailing or logging on to

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